Windows 7 Notes

Windows 7 sites:
"//" - Windows 7 Default Services
Enable Vista-style UAC, or: Windows 7's default UAC bypassed by 8 out of 10 malware samples
Windows 7 setup secrets:

Internet Explorer 9 information:
Internet Explorer 9 reference
Group Policy Settings Reference Windows Internet Explorer 9

Start -> Run -> psr.exe //

Add Local Folders to 'My Computer' view in Windows Explorer

Drag a shortcut to:
C:\Users\$USERNAME\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Network Shortcuts

Windows 7 Backup

"There is not enough disk space to create the volume shadow copy on the storage location."

Solution 1) Go to Services and restart Volume Shadow Copy Service and Virtual Disk Service.
--- or ---
Solution 2)
If you have less than 50M space on the 'System Reserved' volume:
1. Right click on the System Reserved volume and give it a letter ( I've used the letter Z )
2. Start>Run>cmd
3. fsutil usn queryjournal Z:
4. fsutil usn deletejournal /N /D Z:
5. Repeat the steps 1 and 2 and REMOVE the letter from the System Reserved volume.
The backup should run successfully now.

Windows Explorer Copy, Paste and Delete Buttons

Russian blog: //
English: //


In the right side pane, right click > New > Key. Name the subkey as TaskItemsSelected and give it a value:
Windows.Copy; Windows.Paste; Windows.Delete;

Add copy, paste and-or delete buttons to Windows Explorer

Windows 7 Speech


Dim speaks, speech 
speaks="Welcome, Kevin" 
Set speech=CreateObject("sapi.spvoice") 
speech.Speak speaks

Save the file with the .vbs extension and put it in the Startup folder

Windows 7 Account Locks

Lock out your Windows account when multiple login attempts fail
Set your Windows account to temporary lock if someone enters the wrong password several times in a row.
Open a command window as Administrator and using the command:
      net accounts /lockoutthreshold:3 (to set the account to lock out after 3 tries). 
Set the lockout duration with the command:
      net accounts /lockoutduration:30 (for a 30 minute duration) 
Set the reset time by entering:
      net accounts /lockoutwindow:30  (for a 30 minute reset window)

Windows 7 Internet Connection Sharing


Want to share your Win7 computer's Internet connection with other computers wirelessly? As long 
as your system's wireless network adapter supports the new Windows 7 "virtual wi-fi" feature, you 
can do it. Intel, Broadcom, Realtek and some other NIC makers provide drivers that support this 
feature; you'll need to be sure they're installed. Then do this: 
Open an elevated command prompt by right clicking the cmd.exe link and selecting "Run as Administrator." 
In the command window, type: 
netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode=allow ssid=MyNet key=MyPassword 
(replace "MyNet" with the name you want to use for the wireless network 
and replace "MyPassword" with your chosen password for accessing it) 
Press Enter. 
Now type: netsh wlan start hostednetwork 
Press Enter. 
Open Control Panel and go to Network and Sharing Center. 
Click Change Adapter Settings. 
Right click your Internet connection and select Properties. 
Click the Sharing tab. 
Check the box that says "Allow other network users to connect." 
Choose your virtual wi-fi adapter and click OK. 
Now wi-fi enabled computers within range should see your new wireless network and others can 
connect to it if they know the password. 

Disable Adobe Flash Animations for All but White-Listed
Sites in Internet Explorer 8


Executive summary:
Create the registry key AllowedDomains under:

Windows Explorer - Disable Full Row Select


This has other advantages, such as disabling 'auto arrange', but it didn't
disable full row select using Windows 7 64 bit until I added this DWORD value:


Disabling full-row select has also disabled my custom logon screen 
resetting it to the default.

Full row select is shown disabled in this shocking candid photo

There is a Kevin Baconesque connection to
Classic Shell adds some missing features to Windows 7 and Vista like a classic start menu, toolbar for Explorer and others This can be done by selecting a checkbox in Ultimate Windows Tweaker (//

Windows 7 hidden control panels
Create a new folder with any name, then a period, then one of the text strings below:

{ED7BA470-8E54-465E-825C-99712043E01C} = (all settings combined)

New Folder.{ED7BA470-8E54-465E-825C-99712043E01C}

Upgrade or Clean Install Windows 7
...the goal here is to clean install Windows 7 on a virgin, unused PC. You can boot and run
Setup with the Upgrade media for Windows 7, but when you go to activate, it won't work.
After performing the clean install, ensure that there are no Windows Updates pending that would
require a system reboot. (You'll see an orange shield icon next to Shutdown in the Start Menu if this is
the case).
Then, open regedit.exe with Start Menu Search and navigate to:
Change MediaBootInstall from "1" to "0".

Remove Libraries from Windows Explorer

originally posted here on August 22 2009.

You'll have to change permissions on this key first.

A sample .reg file:
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00



The Libraries feature of Windows 7 is for the benefit of the organizationally-challenged. Here is a picture of Explorer as God intended it after the offending feature has been excised.

After a reboot, this will hide your sissy Libraries 
while still letting you use them from:
and they are still available in File -> Open and Save boxes

The 'HomeGroup' icon will remove itself if:

You didn't set up a homegroup
You stop the two HomeGroup services

The 'Favorites' link can be removed by changing the 'Attributes' dword from a0900100 to a9400100: ('Favorites' will still be available in 'File Save' dialogs) ------------------------------------------------------------------ Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00 [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}\ShellFolder] "Attributes"=dword:a9400100 "PinToNameSpaceTree"="" ------------------------------------------------------------------
The 'Favorites' link can be renamed at: ------------------------------------------------------------------ Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00 [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer \CLSID\{323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}] @="Horatio" ------------------------------------------------------------------ Favorites will still work. Related keys: "\\HLM\\SOFTWARE\\Classes\\CLSID\\{323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}\\ShellFolder" "\\HCR\\CLSID\\{323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}\\ShellFolder" Different attributes give different right-click options. Changing the attribute to 10 gives the rename menu. Changing the attribute to 20 gives the delete menu, which has no effect: Favorites menu in Windows Explorer 7. Other attributes give the standard options, i.e. 'Cut', 'Copy', etc. Favorites icon: [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}\DefaultIcon] Restore favorite links icon: [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{323CA680-C24D-4099-B94D-446DD2D7249E}\shell\restorefavoritelinks] "Icon"="D:\\Home\\morejunk\\NewIcons\\folder-eye.ico" You can change the icon for RESTORE FAVORITE LINKS in Windows Explorer 7.

Disable Windows Explorer search suggestions

  Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00


  Search history is stored at:
  You can delete individual items or the whole WordWheelQuery key


Highlight colors in web pages with IE8

In April 1999, I found a Microsoft web page:
offering accessories for IE5. One that I've used ever since
is 'text highlight', but I've added cyan and fuschia...which
are easy to change to normal colors.

The .reg file:

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MenuExt\Highlight - Cyan]

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MenuExt\Highlight - Fuschia]

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MenuExt\Highlight - Yellow]


The default location was c:\windows\web. Each color has it's own
.htm page in this folder. Here is the .htm for cyan:

<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScript" defer> 
var parentwin = external.menuArguments;
var doc = parentwin.document;
var sel = doc.selection;
var rng = sel.createRange();
var str = new String(rng.text); 

Using notepad or a reasonable facsimile, change CYAN to
whatever and save it using the filename in the .reg file above.

Windows 7 with Windows Media Player and DVD Library
  How can I enable the DVD Library in Windows Media Center 
  on a Windows Vista-based computer?

  To enable the DVD Library, follow these steps:
  If Windows Media Center is running, close it.
  Click Start. 
  In the Start Search box, paste or type regedit.
  In the Programs list, click regedit.
  If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type your 
  password, or click Continue. 
  Locate and then click the following registry subkey: 
  HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Media Center\Settings\DvdSettings
  In the details pane, right-click ShowGallery, and then click Modify.
  Delete the contents that appear in the Value data box.
  In the Value data box, type Gallery, and then click OK.
  Close Registry Editor.

  // -- 30 day free trial!

Windows 7 right-click menu

A sample .reg file:
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

@="(`.(`.  Kevin  .).)"

@="\"C:\\Program Files\\Internet Explorer\\iexplore.exe\" -extoff"


The icon is 16x16.

The Windows 7 right mouse click menu can be customized with shortcuts and icons.

Command-line parameters for IE8: 

Changing default Windows 7 icons

  In regedit, go to: 
  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\Shell Icons'll probably have to create the key 'Shell Icons' (with a space) 
  New -> String Value where 'String Value' is the path to the icon 
  0 = Default icon 
  1 = Default document 
  2 = Application 
  4 = Active folder in Explorer and Regedit 
  29 = Shortcut overlay 
  28 = Share overlay 
  34 = Desktop icon 

  Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

  [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\Shell Icons]

  This will also change the active folder icon in regedit.exe

Windows 7 default active folder icon can be changed

Windows 7 logon UI background customization

First, a check is made to determine if the customization functionality is enabled or not. More 
precisely, a DWORD value named OEMBackground in the HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows
\CurrentVersion\Authentication\LogonUI\Background key is checked. Its data, of Boolean 
type, defines whether or not this behavior is turned on, i.e. 1 for enabled, 0 for disabled.
Afterwards, if customization is enabled, the primary monitors screen height and width are 
retrieved via calls to GetSystemMetrics. These values are used in the computation of the 
screen width (w)/height (h) ratio. For example, my desktop resolution is 19201200. The 
ratio, computed by the division of w/h, is 1.6:1.

The result of this computation is looked up in an internal table that drives what image to load 
on disk. Although I dont have a large enough monitor to test, it appears resolutions higher 
than 19201200 will force the loading and zooming of an image of closest compatibility (i.e. 
same ratio, smaller image).

As this is an OEM feature images are derived from %windir%\system32\oobe\info
\backgrounds. Like the registry value, this folder may not exist by default. The following files 
(sorted by width-to-height ratio) are supported in this folder:

background7681280.jpg  (0.6) 
background9001440.jpg  (0.625) 
background9601280.jpg  (0.75) 
background10241280.jpg (0.8) 
background12801024.jpg (1.25) 
background1024768.jpg  (1.33-) 
background1280960.jpg  (1.33-) 
background16001200.jpg (1.33-) 
background1440900.jpg  (1.6) 
background19201200.jpg (1.6) 
background1280768.jpg  (1.66-) 
background1360768.jpg  (1.770833-) 
NOTE: Images must be less than 256kb in size. Thanks for pushing me to investigate, Jay C.

The backgroundDefault.jpg image is loaded and stretched-to-fit when a resolution/ratio-
specific background cannot be found. The other resolution/ratio-specific files are self-
explanatory. If the background cannot be loaded (e.g. image physically too large, incorrect 
ratio, etc.), the default SKU-based image is loaded from imagesres.dll. Youll see a Windows 
Server-themed grayish background in there, too, suggesting this functionality is not specific 
to client SKUs.

Text styles:
To change your button set, simply jump to 
 and add a DWORD value named ButtonSet. The supported integer values range 
from 0 to 2, with each value defined below.
0 - Lighter text shadows, darker (more opaque) buttons (Windows default) 
1 - Darker text shadows, lighter (more translucent) buttons (for lighter backgrounds) 
2 - No text shadows, opaque buttons (for darker backgrounds) 

Add video from your networked storage into Movie Maker
"The network share housing your media must allow unfettered Guest access."
"...HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows Live\Movie Maker and add 
a DWORD value named AllowNetworkFiles. Afterwards, simply double-click it and 
set its data to either 0 (disabled) or 1 (enabled)."


Change where Explorer opens in Windows 7

  In the Target box you will see: 

  Change it to: 
  %SystemRoot%\explorer.exe /root,::{20D04FE0-3AEA-1069-A2D8-08002B30309D}
  C:\Windows\explorer.exe /n,/e,/select,c:\,,/separate

  Command-Line Switches for Windows Explorer

Temporary Internet Files in Windows 7 with IE8

I keep Temporary Internet Files on a RAM disk, so to view the 
folder contents, I have to run a batch file containing:
attrib /D /S -S -H z:\*
It will only work for me after I've opened the browser for the first time, because
the folders aren't created until then. If you're a normal person who keeps TIF files
where Microsoft told you to, you might be able to run it at startup.

TIF cookies aren't the only place They use to watch you. Another 
method is 'Flash cookies'; those settings, for your personal
computer, can only be changed by visiting the adobe website:
Thanks, adobe!

Flash UserData:
C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming\Macromedia\Flash Player
This one is interesting; web sites you know, and some you don't, have
their own folders here. A gold mine for snoops.

C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\UserData

Introduction to DOM Storage:

The 'UserData persistence' setting for IE8 can be different
for every zone:
Tools -> Internet Options -> Security -> * -> Custom Level

Internet Explorer History Entries and Windows Search Integration:

You are being tracked online with cookies, flash, and general userdata persistence malfeasance.

Update: September 2010 "...evercookie is a javascript API available that produces extremely persistent cookies in a browser. Its goal is to identify a client even after they've removed standard cookies, Flash cookies (Local Shared Objects or LSOs), and others. evercookie accomplishes this by storing the cookie data in several types of storage mechanisms that are available on the local browser. Additionally, if evercookie has found the user has removed any of the types of cookies in question, it recreates them using each mechanism available. ..." BleachBit 0.8.7 is a cleaner which claims to deletes evercookies. It supports Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Safari and also works and Windows & Linux platforms.

Windows 7 OEM Information

  Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

  "Model"="HP HDX18T Notebook PC"
  "Manufacturer"="Omigosh Spatula Co Unlimited"
  "SupportHours"="8:00am - 4:00pm (UTC+5:30)"

Clear Page File At Shutdown

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management 
(Hexadecimal or Decimal). This setting allows inactive 
Pages in the Paging File to be cleared (overwritten with zeros) during shutdown. 
When set to 0 (Default) inactive Pages are not written with zeros having no effect on 
shutdown time and making Page File data readable. 
A value of 1 enables inactive Pages to be cleared during shutdown with longer shutdown 

Internet Explorer 8 Window Title

  The Internet Explorer Window Title can be found at 
  [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main\Window Title] 
  New -> String Value 
  ...note the space between 'Window' and 'Title' 

You can change the window title of Internet Explorer.

Change the search box icon in IE8


Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\SearchScopes]

[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\SearchScopes\{0633EE93-D776-472f-A0FF-E1416B8B2E3A}]


You can change the search provider favicon in Internet Explorer.


Remove the search box in IE8

Remove the search box in IE8 (and IE7)

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00 

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Infodelivery\Restrictions] 

Windows XP Home doesn't have that key by default; go to 
right-click it and select New -> Key, name it Internet Explorer (with 
a space), right-click that and New -> etc. 

Add Open with Notepad to all files in Windows 7

  Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

  [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*\shell\Open with Notepad]

  [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*\shell\Open with Notepad\command]
  @="c:\\windows\\notepad.exe %1"

misc., etc.


Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

@="cmd.exe cd && /c mkdir \"%1\"-dir && move \"%1\" \"%1\"-dir"


Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00



Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\View Source Editor\Editor Name]


Start -> Run -> regsvr32 /u shmedia.dll
This will disable video preview of all movie files in Windows Explorer

Registry Editor (regedit.exe) permissions: Permission denied

If you get an error editing a registry key:
right-click the key and select 'Permissions'
click the 'Advanced' button
click the 'Owner' tab
select your name in the 'Change owner to:' box, put a checkmark in
       the 'Replace owner on subcontainers and objects' box, and
       click 'OK'
back in the previous window now, click the 'Add...' button
enter your login name in the 'Enter the object names to select' text
      box, click the 'Check Names' button, and if there are no errors,
      click the 'OK' button
back in the previous window again, select your name in 'Group or user names:' 
      box, then click the 'Allow' checkbox in the 'Permissions for xxx' box
click the 'OK' button

Windows 7 logo
Editor's Note:

These are notes for tweaking Windows 7
beta, release candidates, and the final
version, Version 6.1 (Build 7600).

Before making any registry changes, right-click
the registry key and select 'export'.

Windows 7 notes
Windows Vista notes
Windows XP notes
Windows 9x notes
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