<A HREF="http://www.americansforrice.com/">Dr. Condoleezza Rice for President 2008 </A>
The Rice family moved to Denver in 1967 when her father accepted an administrative position at the University of Denver. Taught by her parents that education provided armour against segregation and prejudice, she worked her way to college by the age of 15. She enrolled at the
<a title="" HREF="http://www.du.edu/">University of Denver</a> as a music major, intending to prepare for a career as a concert pianist (She was a piano prodigy at age 3). But music, which had dominated her life from birth, when her mother named her for a musical term meaning to "play with sweetness", was pushed aside by a new love: international politics. She graduated at 19 in 1974 from the University of Denver with a degree in political science (cum laude).
|She returned to Stanford in 1991 and, in 1993, became the first, youngest female, non-white provost. From 1993 through 1999, Rice was
<a title="Stanford Provost Condoleezza Rice Appointed Hoover Senior Fellow" HREF="http://www-hoover.stanford.edu/pubaffairs/newsletter/99summer/rice.html">provost of Stanford </a>, ranking just below the university president on the operational chart. Dr. Rice has also received honorary doctorates from
<a title="Morehouse College" HREF="http://www.morehouse.edu/">Morehouse College</a> in 1991, the
<a title="University of Alabama" HREF="http://www.ua.edu/">University of Alabama </a>in 1994,
<a title="University of Notre Dame" HREF="http://www.nd.edu/">University of Notre Dame</a> in 1995, the
<a title="National Defense University" HREF="http://www.ndu.edu/">National Defense University</a> in 2002, the
<a title="Mississippi College School of Law" HREF="http://law.mc.edu/"> Mississippi College School of Law</a> in 2003, the
<a title="University of Louisville" HREF="http://www.louisville.edu/">University of Louisville</a> and
<a title="Michigan State University" HREF="http://www.msu.edu/">Michigan State University</a> in 2004.|
She was a member of <a title="The Lincoln Club of Northern California" HREF="http://thelincolnclub.com/">The Lincoln Club of Northern California</a>, <a title="Stanford Institute for International Studies" HREF="http://iis.stanford.edu/"> Stanford Institute for International Studies</a>, <a title="Hoover Institution" HREF="http://www-hoover.stanford.edu/">Hoover Institution</a>, <a title="Council on Foreign Relations" HREF="http://www.cfr.org/">Council on Foreign Relations</a>, <a title="Rand Corporation" HREF="http://www.rand.org/"> Rand Corporation Trustee</a> 1991-97, <a title="Alfalfa Club" HREF="http://www.nndb.com/org/692/000051539/">Alfalfa Club</a> 2001, <a title="Alpha Chi Omega Sorority" HREF="http://www.alphachiomega.org/">Alpha Chi Omega Sorority</a>, <a title="Phi Beta Kappa Society" HREF="http://www.pbk.org/">Phi Beta Kappa Society</a>, Time 100 The Power
|She became <a title="National Security Advisor" HREF="http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/ricebio.html">National Security Advisor</a> to the Bush presidency in 2001and in January 2005 became President George W. Bush's second <A HREF="http://www.state.gov/secretary/"> Secretary of State</a>, despite opposition from a small band of Democrats who objected to her role in the war in Iraq.|
7 November 2005
The Right Honourable Jack Straw MP, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, London
Dear Foreign Secretary,
The governance structure and continued stability and sustainability of the Internet are of paramount importance to the United States. The Internet has become an essential infrastructure for global communications, including for global trade and commerce, and therefore we firmly believe that support for the present structures for Internet governance is vital. These structures have proven to be a reliable foundation for the robust growth of the Internet we have seen over the course of the last decade.
As we approach the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), we should underscore the vast potential of the Internet for global economic expansion, poverty alleviation, and for improving health, education and other public services, particularly in the developing world where Internet access remain unacceptably low.
The Internet will reach its full potential as a medium and facilitator for global economic expansion and development in an environment free from burdensome intergovernmental oversight and control. The success of the Internet lies in its inherently decentralized nature, with the most significant growth taking place at the outer edges of the network through innovative new applications and services. Burdensome, bureaucratic oversight is out of place in an Internet structure that has worked so well for many around the globe. We regret the recent positions on Internet governance(i.e., the “new cooperation model”) offered by the European Union, the Presidency of which is currently held by the United Kingdom, seems to propose just that - a new structure of intergovernmental control over the Internet.
The four principles the United States issues on June 30, 2005, reinforce the continuing U.S. commitment to the Internet’s security and stability, including through the historical U.S. role in authorizing changes or modifications to the authoritative root zone file. At that time, we also expressed our support for ICANN as the appropriate private sector technical coordinator of the Internet’s domain name and addressing system. We believe that ICANN is dedicated to achieving broad representation of global Internet communities and to developing policy through consensus-based processes. We have also expressed our interest in working with the international community to address legitimate public policy and sovereignty concerns with respect to country code top-level domains (ccTLD). We wish to underscore that, in our statement of June 30, we supported ongoing dialogue on issues related to Internet governance across international forums.
The United States and the European Union have long worked together toward the goal of global access to the Internet. The WSIS offers us the opportunity to reaffirm our partnership to spread the benefits of the Internet globally. At the same time, the security and stability of the Internet are essential to the United States, the European Union, and to the world. We firmly believe that the existing Internet system balances the stability and security we need with the innovation and dynamism that private sector leadership provides.
The history of the Internet’s extraordinary growth and adaptation , based on private-sector innovation and investment, offers compelling arguments against burdening the network with a new intergovernmental structure for oversight. It also suggests that a new intergovernmental structure would most likely become an obstacle to global Internet access for all our citizens. It is in this spirit that we ask the European Union to reconsider its new position on Internet governance and work together with us to bring the benefits of the Information Society to all.
Carlos M. Guiterrez Secretary of Commerce
Condoleezza Rice Secretary of State